St. Petersburg, Northern Capital, Northern Palmyra, Northern Venice, the city of white nights - what names did this "northernmost city in the world" receive?
St. Petersburg is deservedly considered one of the most popular cities in the tourism business. To explore at least half of the cultural heritage possessed by this intellectual giant city, there is not enough life.
Moreover, it is impossible to embrace the immensity within the framework of one trip. Popular among tourists are the Mariinsky Theater, where opera and ballet performances are held, and the State Russian Museum with a collection of Russian art, which includes both Orthodox icons and the works of the abstract artist Wassily Kandinsky.
It is recommended to purchase a guidebook, since it is rather difficult to navigate without it: there are about 8,500 cultural heritage sites in the city, over 200 museums, more than 70 theaters, including the famous Mariinsky Theater, Alexandria Theater, Bolshoi Drama Theater and others.
Museum of Fine and Decorative and Applied Arts, founded on December 7, 1764.
It is one of the largest art museums in the world.
The main museum complex includes six interconnected buildings - the Winter Palace, the Reserve House of the Winter Palace, the Small Hermitage, the Big Hermitage, the New Hermitage and the Hermitage Theater. There are 365 rooms open to the public. The total area of the premises of the State Hermitage is 233,345 m², the exposition and exhibition area is 100,000 m².
The museum began its history with a collection of works of art acquired privately by the Russian Empress Catherine II in 1764. Initially, this collection was housed in a special palace wing - the Hermitage - from which the general name of the future museum was fixed.
the second largest and most important museum.
or the Cathedral of the Resurrection of Christ on Blood - an Orthodox memorial single-altar church in the name of the Resurrection of Christ;
Erected in memory of the fact that on this site on March 1, 1881, as a result of an attempt on his life, Emperor Alexander II was mortally wounded. The temple was built as a monument to the tsar with funds collected throughout Russia. The height of the nine-domed temple is 81 m, the capacity is up to 1600 people. It is a museum and a monument of Russian architecture.
a palace and park ensemble on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland.
Peterhof includes several palace and park ensembles that were formed over two centuries. The Lower Park, the Upper Garden and the English Park are ensembles that developed in the 18th century. Alexandria, Colonistsky Park, Lugovoy Park, Alexandrinsky Park, Sergievka, Private dacha - 19th century ensembles. Peterhof, together with a number of other monuments of St. Petersburg, forms a single complex UNESCO World Heritage Site. The ensemble has one of the world's largest fountain systems - 147 operating fountains.
the largest Orthodox church in St. Petersburg. Located on St. Isaac's Square. Cathedral of the St. Petersburg diocese from 1858 to 1929.
The modern building of the cathedral is the fourth St. Petersburg temple in honor of Isaac of Dalmatia, erected on the site of the cathedral designed by Antonio Rinaldi. The construction of the building and work on its decoration lasted from 1818 to 1858. St. Isaac's Cathedral is considered the latest building in the classicism style. Consecrated in the name of the Monk Isaac of Dalmatia, revered saint by Peter I, since the emperor was born on the day of his memory - May 30 according to the Julian calendar.
the main imperial palace of Russia.
The building of the palace was built in 1754-1762 by the Russian architect of Italian origin Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli in the style of magnificent Elizabethan Baroque with elements of French Rococo in the interiors. The Winter Palace and Palace Square form an architectural ensemble that has become one of the main objects of domestic and international tourism.
the former imperial palace, the official summer residence of three Russian rulers - Catherine I, Elizabeth Petrovna and Catherine II.
The palace is located 26 km south of the center of St. Petersburg in the former Tsarskoe Selo.
It is an object of cultural heritage of Russia. The building was founded in 1717 by order of the Russian Empress Catherine I, after whom it is named; During the 18th century, it was rebuilt several times and in its present form is an example of the late Baroque.
the gates of the Peter and Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg, located in the Neva Curtain between the Tsar and Naryshkin bastions.
They connect the fortress with the Commandant's pier. An architectural monument of classicism.
the main square of St. Petersburg, an architectural ensemble that emerged in the second half of the 18th - first half of the 19th century.
The square is formed by historical and cultural monuments of federal significance: the Winter Palace, the building of the headquarters of the Guards Corps, the General Staff Building with the Triumphal Arch, the Alexander Column. Its size is about 5.4 hectares; there is also an incorrect estimate of 8 hectares. As part of the historical buildings in the center of St. Petersburg, the square is included in the World Heritage List and is a pedestrian zone.
one of the largest churches in St. Petersburg. Built on Nevsky Prospekt in 1801-1811 by the architect Andrey Voronikhin to store the revered copy of the miraculous icon of the Kazan Mother of God.
In 1813, the commander Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov was buried here and the keys to the captured cities and other military trophies were placed. Since 2000 - the Cathedral of the St. Petersburg Diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church. The cathedral gave the name to Kazanskaya Square, Kazanskaya Street, Kazanskiy Island in the Neva delta and Kazanskiy Bridge at the intersection of Nevsky Prospekt and the Griboyedov Canal.
the first museum in Russia, established by Emperor Peter I in St. Petersburg.
It has a unique collection of antiques revealing the history and life of many peoples. But this museum is known to many for its "special" collection of anatomical rarities and anomalies. The building of the Kunstkamera from the beginning of the 18th century. is the symbol of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The tower of the Kunstkamera is crowned with the Armillary Sphere.
You can come to St. Petersburg just to wander around the Pushkin places: visit the Moika embankment, sit in the Literary Cafe. Someone is given the intention to visit the Dostoevsky Museum, places associated with the Decembrists, the Leningrad blockade.
Setting museums as a goal, one must remember that it will take more than 5 years to go around all the exhibits in the Hermitage (there are about 3,000,000) and a minute inspection of each of them. Therefore, it is not purposeful to go to the Hermitage, and “just to see what’s there” does not make sense. Preview the magnificent documentary film "Hermitage", flip through the catalogs, and choose those paintings, sculptures that you would like to see.
St. Petersburg is devoid of those contrasts with which Moscow is full - even in the center it is quite calm and measured, and literally a stone's throw from it you can get to a completely deserted street, where every building is a monument.
Building bridges, night of museums, delightful white nights, hourly volleys of the cannon of the Peter and Paul Fortress, street musicians and artists, intelligent Petersburgers - all these are inimitable "highlights" of this city.
The easiest way to purchase air tickets to St. Petersburg and back is to use the online booking service of the AVIA.MD. Payment is also carried out remotely, without the need to visit the office. Find out with what bank cards you can pay for air tickets. The purchase and sale agreement for air tickets can be easily read online. If you need access to the Terms of Service, you can read online at AVIA.MD.
Also, in order to get the most out of your travel, while buying an air ticket, the AVIA.MD website provides online booking of a room in one of the many hotels in St. Petersburg.