The city is named after the goddess of war and wisdom Athena, who was the patron saint of the ancient polis. Athens has a rich history; in the classical period (5th century BC), the city-state reached the pinnacle of its development, defining many trends in the development of later European culture. So, the names of the philosophers Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, who laid the foundations of European philosophy, the tragedians of Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, who stood at the origins of the drama, are associated with the city; the political system of ancient Athens was democracy.
which is a 156-meter high rocky hill with a gentle summit. This was the main location for the king. Also inside there were many temples where prayers were offered to the Greek gods and sacrifices were made. To the present day, the Acropolis is an outstanding monument of architectural art. Although there is evidence that the hill was inhabited as early as the fourth millennium BC. e., the most important structures on this site, including the Parthenon, Propylaea, Erechtheion and the Temple of Nika Apteros, were built in the 5th century BC. e. at the initiative of Pericles.
a monument of ancient architecture, an ancient Greek temple located on the Athenian Acropolis, the main temple in ancient Athens, dedicated to the patroness of this city and all of Attica, the goddess Athena the Virgin. Built in 447-438 BC e. by the architect Callicrates according to the project of Iktin and decorated in 438-431 BC. e. under the leadership of Phidias under the reign of Pericles. Currently, it is in a dilapidated state, restoration work is underway.
It was laid down in Athens on December 22, 2003 and officially opened on June 20, 2009. Antonis Samaras, who was then minister of culture, handed over a fragment of the Parthenon metope returned to Greece by the Vatican museums, symbolizing with this gesture the request of the Greek people to reunite the marble fragments removed from the country with those left in their homeland - already in the New Acropolis Museum. The head of the organization for the creation of the museum was the professor of archeology at the Aristotle University in Thessaloniki Dimitrios Pandermalis. The museum was designed by Swiss architect Bernard Chumi.
cultural complex in Greece. Includes the buildings of the National Library and the National Opera. The building was designed by the architect Renzo Piano and built with the help of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation. The construction cost was 566 million euros, the building was opened in 2016 and handed over to the Greek authorities in 2017.
a Greek stadium built in ancient times, which hosted the first Olympic Games in modern history in 1896. The stadium was used to host the prototype of the modern Olympic Games in 1870 and did not function until the Olympics in 1896, when, through financial assistance from Georgios Averoff, it was rebuilt in white marble. The stadium in Athens is the only one in the world built entirely of white Pentelian marble. Located in the Kalimarmaro area, east of the Zappio Exhibition Hall and National Gardens.
the city square of Athens, covering an area of approximately 40 hectares and located on a gentle slope northwest of the Acropolis. The Greek word agorá comes from ἀγείρω "to gather, to call." This is in line with the Agora's designation as the main meeting place in the city. In ancient times, the Athenian Agora became the center of social and social life, civil administration and court, an important place for commerce and business, theatrical stage for Greek drama, a platform for athletic competitions and a favorite place for intellectual debate. Today, the Agora has become a favorite destination for tourists who want to get acquainted with the history of ancient Athens.
is the largest museum in Greece. Its permanent exhibition consists of more than 20 thousand exhibits from different eras, and the collection of ceramics and sculptures is considered one of the richest in the world. The museum is located in the center of Athens on Patision street.
Temple of Olympian Zeus - the largest temple in Greece, built from the VI century BC. e. until the 2nd century AD e. According to legend, the temple was built on the site of the sanctuary of the mythical Deucalion, the forefather of the Greek people. The construction of the temple was begun during the tyranny of Pisistratus, in 515 BC. e. Despite this, Titus Livy, almost a century later, calls the Athenian temple of Zeus "the only one in the world worthy of this deity." The temple was completed only 650 years after the start of construction, under the Roman emperor Hadrian, an admirer of Greek culture.
small Byzantine church in Athens. The church was built around 1050 and is one of the oldest Orthodox churches in the Greek capital. Located in the center of Athens on Ermou Street, the most expensive and commercial street in the historic city center. The church is dedicated to the Entry into the Temple of the Most Holy Theotokos, its owner is the University of Athens, and therefore is also called the "Sacred University Temple".
The former name of the Royal Garden is a park founded by the first queen of independent Greece Amalia of Oldenburg, wife of King Otto, on an area of 15.5 hectares in the very heart of Athens. The creation of the royal garden lasted from 1838 to 1840. under the guidance of the German gardener Schmidt. For the implementation of all plans, more than 500 species of plants and various animals and birds were imported. The park was built as a sequence of compositions on certain themes, therefore, in addition to exotic plants, it surprises with ancient ruins and mosaics.
The hot Greek sun has become the talk of the town for tourists, which experienced travelers love to tell visitors for the first time. There is some truth to this, as Athens is surrounded by mountains that prevent fresh air from entering. Therefore, there is often dry weather without wind. For this reason, exploring the Parthenon, the Roman Agora and other noteworthy open-air sites during the summer may not be a very pleasant adventure. For exploring the capital city, warm spring or autumn months will be more appropriate.
The easiest way to buy air tickets to Athens and back is to use the online booking and purchase of air tickets of the AVIA.MD project. Payment is also carried out remotely, without the need to visit the office. More information about our partners Air Moldova can be found online. Information about all flights is available at AVIA.MD.
Also, in order to get the most out of your stay in Athens, along with the purchase of an air ticket, the AVIA.MD website provides online booking of a room in one of the many hotels in Athens. A list of airports can be found at AVIA.MD